Cliff Harris (Positech) style.
I’m finalizing my Infected card game, and the responsibilities have been easy to define: I do pretty much everything, except for the art (and group testing and actual card manufacturing). All art was created by Anton Brand, and I paid per asset.
But what if I had teamed up with somebody, split the profits, done the project together with someone?
Currently: most of the responsibility lies on my own shoulders
The whole game project of mine is very much my responsibility to deal with. Anton got paid per asset rather than receiving % of sales. The good news about this is that I can make all the final decisions, I can craft the game exactly the way I want it to be, and that I’m not dependant on others for most of the part.
So, dependancies I have had during this project have been:
- The artist
- The test group
- The card manufacturer
Majority of testing has been done by me, and then test group has helped going through some major revisions and helped me to gather feedback. The dependencies have been minimal (game works well as solo, so I’ve been able to test solo without actually needed to have test group near and card manufacturing at this point will go through online service, which works – I’ve tested that as well).
What if I’d want to team-up with somebody?
I’ve liked “pay per asset, not give % of royalties” since it’s a pretty straightforward way to get people working in the project. I haven’t needed to discuss design decisions, argue whether it’s okay to have “crow” as an ally or not. I’ve asked people in twitter, and then made my final call on things. It is also giving me a feeling of control: I get to decide how the game looks like.
For a card game with limited 2D art assets, this approach has been working great.
But, what if I need a bigger art budget or just want somebody to join my team?
I wrote earlier about creating your dream game, and while creating a physical card game has been my dream coming true, I’ve also had visions of creating certain type of video games.
One challenge is – I bet for many – the art budget. I’m not looking into creating a game that competes with AAA visuals, but even if you are going to do a simple 2D sidescroller, there can be tons of art to be created. It takes either humongous amount of time or money to get that stuff done. And the bottleneck doesn’t need to be art, it can be something else. I’m just taking art as an example here.
If you team up with somebody… well, that comes with a price.
If you happen to find a artist, and you do the programming side, that combination can work great. Each of you gets to focus on your strengths. There’s cons though. In a team of two, consider the following:
- Who makes the final call on deciding the sounds or music?
- Who gets to say how difficult the levels should be?
- Who will decide what to do with feature X?
- If the programmer is in charge of programming, and the artist is responsible over visuals… that’s fine but what about rest of the areas?
- Discussing, talking, meeting, brainstorming, discussing again takes time. If you work solo, you can bounce ideas to the community and act on that. But with 2 people, you can get arguments over how something should work. (Just try get 2 programmers to sit down and discuss about naming conventions, and you’ll see what I mean). The bottom line is: communicating and discussions take more time.
- Arguing over profits (or percentages)?
- What if one guy leaves? What happens then? In solo projects, that’s not a problem. But when there’s more than 1 person involved, any key person leaving can be one nasty situation.
- And tons of more similar things to deal with. None of these are issues is you are working solo.
On the positive side:
- Each guy can concentrate on what they do best
- Two guys can be motivating combination: both of you can support each other to get more stuff done
- Seeing things differently can be a huge asset: we all have blind spots on certain things, and 2 pair of eyes can help see things differently.
- And I bet tons of more
Taking someone into a team can be a huge asset, but also a big mistake.
Are you working solo, or in a team with somebody? Why?
Remember how godmode ruined Doom 2 experience?
If we look at the F2P games out there in the market, I think there’s roughly two type of genres:
1) “Save time” packs: Games that are designed to exploit our gambling habits by introducing hidious grinding which takes a lot of time. Time which you can “save” by paying. For example, they tell you must kill 100 orcs in order to progress further, and it takes 10 hours with a rusty sword. If you buy a “kill 100 orcs” spell (costs just 1 USD), you can snap your fingers and get through the obstacle.
2) “Personalize”: Games that sell “cosmetic” stuff that doesn’t affect gameplay difficulty in any level, and there’s no other way to gain the cosmetic stuff besides buying. There’s no “kill 100 orcs” spell, but instead you can buy paint and colorize your rusty sword. All other players have rusty metal swords, but yours has nice blue blade. (Assuming there’s no other way to get different colored rusty sword)
Please notice that if you can get access to blue paint by going through 100 hours of grinding, then that’s closer to #1 than #2 category: it’s still about “saving time to personalize”.
That’s a pretty simplified classification, but should cover two different ends of the F2P opportunities.
I think the difficult issue with #1 type of cheat codes selling (and this is what mr. @lemmy101 stated so well in his most excellent ranting tweets around 15th of November) is that it might give framework for designing games in certain way. The designers are rewarded for designing “games that generate most revenue”, instead of “games that generate most fun moments”.
I read a good post by Daniel Cook and he arguments how “sell 10 buck games” is not working way to generate sustainable business.
My counter is:
- Expansion packs
I’m not willing to buy new items for my character, or ways to kill 100 orcs easier. But, I am willing to buy new levels with more potential weapons to find, new monsters to hunt.
When developers have some good new DLC additions, it’s a no-brainer for me to buy more.
The “buy 10 buck game” model might not work but “10 buck game and then 5 buck add-ons” does work, and is a fair model.
It boils down to this:
- A) Do I wanna spend real money to buy items & stuff for my *character*
- B) or do I wanna spend real money to buy content & stuff for *me as a player*
I’m choosing option B, and that’s probably the reason why there’s not a single F2P game in my computer, and that’s the reason why there’s tons of games in my Steam list.
Which type of games you prefer and what you think of these different ways to sell items and content?
Are you creating your dream game? The game you’ve always wanted to create?
If not… why not?
I asked about these earlier in twitter and got some replies & sparked some discussion. Here’s some more points regarding this issue:
If visuals/sounds is the problem, why not use existing games and mod them?
For example, Skyrim, Crysis, Source games, upcoming Source 2 (or whatever it’s called)… There’s plenty of game engines that can be used for modding?
Needs more design? Why not more prototyping?
I also heard about reasons saying that game requires more planning or designing first. Why not take 2 weeks to design, and then participate in some weekend prototyping jam & knock the game basics together?
One of the most fun way to get some very fun stuff out is prototyping. I knocked my dwarves prototype together in a week, sold 22 copies (that’s $22!), and it was one of the most rewarding experiences.
I prototyped the core. It would be easy to continue from there if I’d want.
Too big scope or takes too much time
One of the biggest issues I’ve had with my card game development is that, it started as a small game. It went through 3 very huge revisions. Each version was almost totally different. The current final version I have, is totally different than what the game was when I started.
Sure, this is taking “too long”… but they always do. I’m setting my first public release for 12/12/12. At that point I aim to get the first version out, and I do my best effort to finalize the game during these 30 days.
This started as a small project. In a way it still is – it’s the game mechanisms that took most of my time anyway – and has taken a long time.
And the real answer is:
- So what if scope is too big? Either scale down features or just take more time. If you need art assets, then well, mod some existing game. Or make minecraft like graphics.
- DLC. Patching. There’s a reason why those exist. So that we don’t need to put all our ideas in the first version. Sure, I’d like to have 30 different characters in the game, but I just stick with dozen. Why? Because I can add 20 card character pack later if I want. Similarly your cool shooter game doesn’t need 902 weapons in the beginning. Just throw in 4 for the first release and add more later in a patches.
Narrow down scope, get rid of useless features or minor features. Keep the big important features there. And go further. Put less important stuff in your “maybe later” box.
Dream game needs to be 5 year long project
Developing game long doesn’t guarantee it’s better than if development takes short time.
Split schedule into smaller releases.
Rather than doing “one big dream game project”. Do “series of smaller dream game sub projects that all help create the one big dream game project”. Why? Because it’s in every single way the much more rewarding way to do it.
Are you making up excuses?
It’s easy to come up with excuses. “Need more this or that, then I could do it”.
There are limitations. And if you don’t happen to get some sort of funding, you probably have to be bit more creative to figure out how to get development done.
If visual assets is the problem, then you must think whether art is important. Could you replace it with something easier? Could you mod some existing game?
If it “needs more design”, then start prototyping. Prototyping can quickly reveal issues in design. Get others to play your prototypes. Often. Prototypes can be as simple as pen & paper.
Your might need to reduce your project scope in some aspects, but if you think of “what is the experience my game will offer to players”, you will soon realize that certain “must to have” features we think there should be… aren’t so “must to have” after all.
So, how about that.
Could you start creating your dream game?
I’m getting my card game in a real good shape, and will be getting some juicy details later on – when I feel I’m ready to share those. Today, I’m sharing tiny lil design thing. I had a problem naming my decks and explaining what they do. Earlier I used words such as “threat” and “zombie”, and then “challenge” pile. I was trying to explain that you must overcome threat difficulty by using cards in your “challenge” pile. So, “threat difficulty” would be compared against “character’s challenge”.
At some point I renamed these to be simply:
Attack and Defense.
Now, zombie Attack is compared against character’s Defense.
And this blog post probably doesn’t do a good job in explaining how important this small change was… but for me, it was a big deal. It is much easier to explain that “these chaps here ATTACK against you and therefore you must put some effort on DEFENSE.” Attack and Defense are two counterparts, which our brain immediately understands. “Difficulty versus Challenge” really didn’t make any sense.
Good thing one of my testers was puzzled about this and helped me make the change.
Sometimes your brain just goes its own way. You give some shitty name to something (can be function, can be attribute) and six months later you realize that you really gotta do some refactoring.
Even in a physical card game design.
Would be pretty cool if you could comment this blog post. You first have to provide correct anti-spam answer.
Thanks in advance.
(If you encounter any trouble, please tweet me @gameproducer)
P.S. I’m using the quiz plugin here.
Imagine situation 4 million years ago. The time when dinosaurs, cavemen and fish co-existed peacefully.
Imagine that one less hairy caveman started thinking that it would be awfully nice to stay warm. Imagine him experiencing this weird dream where monkey gods tell him to start a fire that would keep him warm.
And imagine 17 lawyers appearing out of nowhere when this poor bastards tries to start a fire. First lawyer would tell that use of word “fire” is prohibited, and second one explains how the progress would stop since that word is already reserved. Rest of the lawyers would remind caveman not to use that stick and bow to create fire. No can do, or he must deliver 2 squirrel furs every time he setups a fire that way.
These lawyers also heard about a tribe who would create sparks using stone and shit, and warned the skinny caveman of using that method, since it would be breach of copyright and hurt technological progress of the world and means lost profits. And nobody likes lost profits, right?
In fact, setting up fire would be same as stealing. And nobody should steal right?
The caveman didn’t quite understand everything, but these guys seemed pretty convincing. And they said there was laws, so obviously they must be right.
“So, how can I stay warm?” asked the caveman. Lawyers explained in very long terms that he’d need to buy something. When caveman asked how he would buy, the lawyers continued that actually the caveman happens to be in Region 2, while the fire making tools are only available at Region 1, so unfortunately he cannot setup fire, even when he has 79 squirrel furs to use as payment.
At this point, Caveman look those lawyers once again… and then slowly said the words: “So… if I cannot buy Region 1 stuff since I live in Region 2… and if I setup fire on my own… the progress of the world stops… and, I’m a thief?”
“That’s correct” said the lawyers and went away.
As we can clearly see, the world needs patents and region codes. Otherwise we’d still be playing card with dinosaurs or something.
And as we all know dinosaurs don’t play fair (try whine at T-rex that a set should win his 2 pairs and he’ll eat you).
So let’s get some patent laws to protect our survival and technological progress.
I’ve been finalizing my Infected card game, but also ordered some research material for future projects (and for bit of “just for fun” as well). I happened to spot Survivorman show and learnt there were several seasons of their show “available”. I decided to purchase, and of course since it’s year 2012 you’d think everything would be easy: just push couple of buttons and I could start watching the show, right?
Well, not exactly.
I learnt that Netflix had some survivorman episodes quite likely available. Netflix just arrived to Finland so I tried to signup. I got error “try again later”. I tried like 47 times, but no can do. I don’t know why, but I just could not sign up. Maybe I did something wrong, but well. That attempt failed.
But fear not, I could go to amazon.com and order it, right?
In Amazon.com, there was only Region 1 dvds, not 2. I looked into figuring out if my PS3 could play Region 1 dvds and learnt that quite likely not. Well that sucks a bit then.
Amazon.ca said “not available”.
Amazon.co.uk said “Region 1 import”, so no can do.
I then tried purchasing direct streaming through Amazon.com, just to learn that it was available only in “US store”. Of course. Sorry about trying.
Then I went to Discovery channel official store, where it was “no longer available”.
Then tried one online streaming system which told me to “view from Canada”.
Sucks to be me, I live in Finland.
Play.com could have it? It always has stuff I can buy.
Not today, no.
At this point I went to watch that Monty Python clip. You should watch too:
I then started thinking, that all this region coding requires plenty of work. Region codes didn’t just appear: these need to be programmed in the system. My playstation by default didn’t have region codes, no… those needed to be created.
So what essentially happened here is that:
Publishers put massive amount of work to ensure that I cannot buy the product.
I’m almost speechless.
I have money here that I want to hand over to you. You’ve spent your money to prevent me from buying.
Can somebody tell me why, because I’d really like to know.
(Oh, and in case you happen to know where or how I could watch – yes, I’m willing to pay – Survivorman full episodes, then please let me know. And no, I’m not buying into that “buy region free dvd player” madness just to watch one show, I have no room for that anyway.)
They are called tough decisions for a reason.
Steam is the place to sell finished games. Greenlight is the way to get existing games to Store. What they are missing is development phase sales.
Kickstarter and different other crowdsourcing systems have created (or changed) market opportunitities.
Steam has all the resources, customer base and everything they’d need to compete in this market area.
If Steam (and greenlight) would be place to:
- Fund the develop games (let’s call it “Steam Seed”)
- Find existing projects & games to get to Steam (Steam Greenlight)
- Then also release & sell games (Steam store)
I think there would be plenty of devs joining that bandwagon.
Not taking stance whether it’s for the good or the bad, but I wouldn’t be surprised to see this happening.